Types of Diabetes

Diabetes education in Tillamook

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food for energy and causes your blood sugar levels to stay consistently above normal. There are two main types of diabetes:

  • People with Type 1 diabetes are completely unable to produce insulin, a hormone that helps move glucose—or sugar—into your cells to be used as fuel.
  • People with Type 2 diabetes can produce insulin but either in levels that are too low or their cells simply do not respond to it.

Both types of diabetes are manageable.

More than 57 million people in the United States have prediabetes. This means your blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes. With education and lifestyle changes you can keep prediabetes from turning into Type 2 diabetes.

You may be at higher risk of diabetes if you:

  • Are over 40 years of age
  • Are overweight
  • Have a history of diabetes
  • Have high blood pressure
  • Have had diabetes during pregnancy
  • Have given birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
  • Have the stress of an illness or injury
  • Are African American, Hispanic/Latino American, American Indian, Asian American or Pacific Islander