If you are one of the millions of Americans who suffer from hip
pain from degenerative joint disease (DJD), there are treatment
options available that can enable you to maintain an active
lifestyle and quality of life.
What is degenerative joint disease?
Degenerative joint disease (DJD) is a common cause of hip pain.
DJD is a chronic condition affecting millions of Americans,
often resulting in loss of an active lifestyle and quality of
life. There are different types of DJD that may cause hip pain.
These include but are not limited to:
- Osteoarthritis (OA), also called "wear-and-tear arthritis",
in which cartilage wears down over time
- Post-traumatic arthritis, which results from a severe
fracture or dislocation of the hip
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an inflammatory arthritis of the
- Avascular necrosis (AVN), a condition where the "ball" or
femoral head has lost a healthy supply of blood flow causing
the bone to die and the femoral head to become misshapen
- Hip dysplasia, a condition where bones around the hip did
not form properly, which may cause misalignment of the hip
What is total hip replacement?
Patients who have DJD may benefit from total hip replacement,
also referred to as total hip arthroplasty. This is a surgical
procedure in which the arthritic hip joint is replaced by
implants, which include:
- A metal cup with a plastic liner, which replaces the socket
(acetabulum) in the pelvis
- A metal femoral stem and head
The goal of total hip replacement is to increase mobility and
ability to perform daily activities.
What is MAKOplasty® Total Hip
MAKOplasty is an innovative, breakthrough solution for those
suffering with painful DJD of the hip and need a total hip
replacement. MAKOplasty, powered by the RIO® Robotic Arm
Interactive Orthopedic System, allows your surgeon to treat
your specific hip condition with accuracy and precision.
During surgery, the robotic arm guides your surgeon in
preparing your socket in the pelvis and positioning the
implants. Real-time information and images allow your surgeon
to know and control accurate implant placement, which can be
difficult to achieve using traditional surgical techniques
without a robotic arm.
MAKOplasty benefits may include:
- Accurate placement of your hip implant using the
surgeon-controlled robotic arm system, which can reduce the
likelihood of hip dislocation
- More consistency in leg length, potentially decreasing the
need for a shoe lift
- Decreased risk of the implant and bone abnormally rubbing
together - this may improve the lifetime of the implant
How does MAKOplasty® work?
If your surgeon determines that you are a good candidate for
the MAKOplasty procedure, one or two weeks prior to your
surgery date you will receive a CT scan of your hip. This is
used to create a 3-D model of your hip pelvis and femur.
The surgeon uses the RIO® software with information from the
model to plan your surgery based on your unique anatomy. During
surgery, the software provides real-time information to
optimize implant positioning and alignment, and the robotic arm
is used to prepare your socket and guide placement of the
Who is a good candidate for the MAKOplasty® Total Hip
If you have one or more of the following symptoms, talk to you
doctor - you may be a candidate for MAKOplasty.
- Pain while putting weight on the affected joints
- Limping to lessen the weight-bearing pressure on the hip
- Hip pain or stiffness during walking or other impact
- Failure to respond to non-surgical treatments or pain
If I undergo MAKOplasty® Total Hip Replacement, what can I
A typical hospital stay for a total hip replacement is
determined by your MAKOplasty surgeon. Your
surgeon will also determine what physical therapy may be
prescribed for you.
As a total hip replacement procedure, MAKOplasty is typically
covered by Medicare. Check with your private health insurance
to verify coverage.
What is the lifespan of a MAKOplasty® implant?
All implants have a life expectancy that depends on several
factors including the patient's weight, activity level, quality
of bone, and compliance with physician's orders.
Proper implant alignment and precise positioning during surgery
are also very important factors that can improve the life
expectancy of an implant. Through the use of the RIO System,
implants can be optimally aligned and positioned to ensure the
Individual results may vary. There are risks associated with
any hip surgical procedure, including MAKOplasty.® Your doctor
can explain these risks and help determine if MAKOplasty® is
right for you.