A septal defect is a hole or opening in the muscular wall
between the two atrial or ventricular chambers of the heart.
All septal defects including Atrial septal defects, patent
foramen ovale (PFO) and Ventricular septal defects are present
at birth (congenital) They may, however, not be diagnosed until
adulthood when heart failure, arrhythmias, or stroke symptoms
develop. Not all require closure. PFO for example is common, 21
percent of the general population. Only when associated with
stroke or other complications is closure indicated. Options for
septal defect closure include catheter-based technology,
endoscopic surgery, and open surgery.
Septal Defect Closure Surgery
In many cases depending on type and size of the defect surgical
closure may be necessary. At Northwest Regional Heart and
Vascular septal defect closure can almost always be performed
minimally invasively utilizing endoscopic robotic assisted
technology. In some cases either minimally invasive surgical
techniques or percuanteous closure devices are reasonable
options. The primary advantages of minimally invasive surgical
closure is the avoidance of a percutaneously placed foreign
body that requires blood-thinning medication post procedure.
The average hospital stay is three days and no activity
restrictions are necessary.